In What Ways does Fast Hydration Guar Gum help the Process in an Oilfield?

Fast Hydration Guar gum in Oil Production

Fast Hydration Guar Gum Powder1

Basic Description of Oilfields and Oil Extraction

An oil field refers to a area or region with an abundance of oil wells that extract crude oil(petroleum) from the ground. In order to enhance full oil extraction then multiple wells are scattered all over the oilfield because the oil reservoirs extend over large tracts of land.

Other additional structures in oil fields include pipelines to transport oil from one place to another, wells that probe the edges, and other support facilities.

Establishing an oilfield is a challenging process this is mainly because most are set up away from civilization .setting up electricity and water as well as houses for the workers, and heating up the pipelines in the cold areas are some of the activities that make setting up oil fields a little challenging. The typical oil field resembles small town that is dotted with drilling rings and pump jacks.

Oil Extraction:

This is the process by which usable petroleum also called crude oil is extracted from the earth. Before extraction begins, a survey is done to see whether the place is oil viable. Gravimeters and magnetometers are some of the equipment used in the search for oil. Extraction starts with drilling of wells into the reservoir. Secondary wells are sometimes used to pump steam acids and water to rise the reservoir pressure and make the process economically viable.

What is Fast Hydration Guar Gum Used for preparing Drill Solutions?

images_guar_oildrillingThis is a specially processed guar gum that is manufactured with double refined splits allows for better filtration and achieved maximum viscosity in three minutes. The gum has different grades that have high viscosity. It is also known as diesel slurry guar gum.

Properties of Fast Hydrating Guar that makes it a useful Industrial Product

Fast hydrating guar gum is used widely in the oil and gas drilling industries as well as oil extraction industry.

  • It is a white-yellow powder that almost has no smell. When dissolved in water it forms a paste with very high viscosity. Its viscosity is a function of concentration time and pressure. This makes it be used as a drilling thickener.
  • It take just three minutes to reach high viscosity while regular guar gum takes almost two hours to achieve the same level of viscosity. It saves both time and resources that yield more profits and is therefore more convenient for the oil drillers.
  • The fast hydration guar gum contains hydrocholloids which are thickeners. It has a thickening capability that is eight times that of water. When combined with starch they are used in oil and gas recovery
  • Fast hydrating guar gum is very soluble which makes it a good stabilizer when used in oil extraction.
  • The guar gum remains very stable even under low freezing temperatures. It can prevent the growth of ice crystals while still working at optimum levels .this comes in as important to oil drilling companies that are located in low temperature regions.
  • From its thickening properties oil drillers and extractors use it to reduce friction in the holes which in turn reduces the power usage.

How Fast Hydration Guar Gum enhances The Oil Extraction Process for Better Production at Oil Field?

Fast hydrating guar gum has just the right physical and chemical properties that make it very useful in the oil extraction process. These properties help it to improve the production in the oilfields.

When used in the right Ph value between 5 and 7 it enhances viscosity it also lubricates the holes and reduces water loss this reduces costs while at the same tie improving the production rates.

The fast hydrating guar gum is also used as a viscosity regulator of the mud solution which stabilizes and regulated the flowing properties of the drilling mud.

Fast hydrating guar gum is also used as a cooling agent in cooling the drilling bits continuous fracturing in the oil and cementing the slurries in the oilfields. This enhances the extraction process.

In the oilfields it is also used as a surfactant and a defoamer as it is well suited for the requirements that are needed in brine-based drilling fluids.

Demand for Fast Hydration Guar

Fast hydrating guar gum has proven to be very useful and economical in the oil extraction industries. It has a wide collection of applications that enhance the oil production process. Its use continues to display exponential growth rates and has therefore raised its demand as well.

More countries all over the world use fast hydrating guar gum in their oilfields because of the properties that we have discussed above. As the number of developing countries that are venturing into oil exploration and extraction increases so does the demand for fast hydrating guar powder.

Currently the total global production of guar gum stands at over 600000 tones with India being one of the main exporters. Owing to its unique applications in a very competitive industry the figures of the products demand keep on rising. For more information please visit:

Ajit Patel

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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Process for Production of Cassia Gum Powder as adopted by the Indian Manufacturers

Cassia Gum Production in India

Cassia Gum Powder (Cassia Tora Powder) - 1

Cassia Gum:

Over the years, consumers continue to cherish and respond to quality brands that are established mainly by virtue of their performance, availability, and development. One such product is cassia gum.

Cassia gum is derived from the endosperm of the senna obtusifolia also known as cassia tora or cassiaobtusifolia. Cassia tora is a wild plant that grows all over India as a weed. It also widely grows in the Mediterranean .Apart from its widely appreciated food additive property, cassia gum is also renowned as a thickener, as well as a gelling agent. It thrives in hot and wet tropical conditions and can grow wildly or be planted commercially.

Nutritional /chemical content of cassia gum

The primary constituents of cassia gum include tannins, mannitol, coumarins, essential oils such as aldehydes, cinnamadehyde gum and about two percent cassia oil that is responsible for the spicy taste and aroma. Additionally, it contains resins, sugar and mucilage. Below is the exact chemical composition of cassia gum:

  • 75% molecular weight.
  • 5:1 ratio of mannose to galactose .
  • 7.1% glucose.

Cassia gum has close relation to tara gum and guar gum as far as chemical properties and structure are concerned.

Properties of cassia gum

• It can be combined with other hydrocolloids such as xathan gum to from gels with unique properties synergistically.

• Cassia gum when combined with carrageen forms thermoplastic gels.

• It dissolves in hot water and requires heat in order to attain full viscosity in fluids.

Applications of cassia gum

 Cassia gum can form gels with other colloids. For this reason it is used in the manufacture in both the pet food and food industries .

  • Cassia gum is made for use as an emulsifier which helps in the breaking down of fat and oils.
  • It is a foam stabilizer.
  • It is used for moisture retention and a texturing agent in making cheese, dairy mixes and desserts ,poultry products and meat products.
  • Cassia gum is also used as a stimulant and a therefore a suitable alternative for coffee.

To know more applications of cassia gum powder please visit:

Demand for cassia gum in India, production and export of cassia gum from India

Cassia gum whose wide collection of applications are becoming more and more popular among consumers in India and all over the world continues to experience high demand. The food industry in India is demanding more cassia gum because of its thickening property which is used in making paste to thicken food. Bakers in India are also in high need of cassia gum for its moisture retaining ability that is used in kneading dough and retaining its moisture. Cassia gum is also in high demand within the pet food sector where its use continues to grow each day.

Cassia Gum Powder (Cassia Tora Powder) - 2

The production of cassia gum in India starts with the growing of the cassia tora which grows indigenously as a weed in India. The perpetual demand for the gum has made the plant to be grown for commercial purposes. The plant is now cultivated more professionally, under the right climatic conditions which include sunny weather and frequent irrigation .It is later harvested and the seeds go through the process of dehusking and making gum powder. Large scale production of the cassia tora from which the gum is derived is being embraced widely in India.

The process of manufacturing Cassia Gum

After the processing of the seeds and making cassia gum, India exports the product to different countries. Countries in Europe are the customers of cassia gums and India exports the product to them. Some of the countries that India exports cassia gum to include, France Belgium, and Australia. A lot of other countries are joining the cassia gum market and India is finding more countries to exportcassia gum to.

i. First, the seeds which are used as the raw materials go through a thorough process of different mechanical cleaning steps with the aim of removing impurities some of which include farm waste, and stones.

ii. The subsequent steps involve dehusking and splitting of the seeds. Mechanical and heat treatment are conducted which remove the husk of the seeds as well as the germ resulting in splits. The purpose of the splitting process is so that both the germ and husk are loosened from the endosperm.

iii. The seeds are de-germed through milling and screening the endosperm.

iv. The final step involves the grinding of the splits to uniform small particle size powder.

Future market for cassia gum in India

Currently, cassia gum has been approved Japan, China, India and Australia. Its use is limited in states such as Russia with only the authorities being authorized to use it. For human food application the plant has been approved in France, Belgium and Australia.

From this we see that most countries are on the roads to approving the use of cassia gum within their borders. Unlike the past years where the cassia gum market was limited mostly by most countries either not allowing tits use in their countries or imposing limits on its use , now more foreign countries are accepting the enumerable benefits of cassia gum.

Export market for cassia gum in India is hence growing exponentially and the product is set to a very promising future with the acceptance, approval and general knowledge about cassia gum benefits continues to gain reputation around the globe.

Ajit Patel

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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How is Guar Gum Cultivated in India?

Introduction about Guar Production in India

India is the largest exporter and supplier of guar gum in the world market today, with a command of over 80% of the world guar market share. Extracted from a leguminous plant known as Cyamopsis tetragonoloba, Guar gum India demand has shot in the recent past as it continues to be used as a thickening agent in oil and gas extraction. Guar gum India is also used in textile, pharmaceuticals, food and cosmetics industry, among others.


Why is India the Top Producer of Guar Gum in the World?

India also doubles as the world’s leading in guar gum production because of favorable sandy loam soils and climatic conditions for guar growth in the North and West India. Production of guar gum in India, has increased in the recent past because of increase in demand and the fact that the products have ready market, whether as guar gum powder, guar split or the green. Guar gum powder is extracted from the seeds and has diverse applications as discussed before. There has been a surge in prices for guar gum export in India in the recent past, which has caused more interest in guar growth in India. Prices for guar gum export in India have increased up to 5-10 times in the past one year and it is expected that farmers in India will increase acreage by 2-3 times this season to respond to world demand.

Guar Gum Cultivation Process in India

cultivateJodhpur in Rajasthan, India is the most important area for guar gum production. The guar seeds are planted at the rate of 30 kilograms per hectare. The spacing for guar gum seeds is 45-60 x 20-30 cm and planting is done in June to July and during February and March. These seeds are of two categories, namely the Pusa Naubahar and Pusa Sadabahar. In summer times, the seeds are sown in furrows. During the summer times, the seeds are placed in ridges that are 2-3 cm deep. The crop requires moisture to grow but can resist semiarid conditions. Guar gum India plant requires some amount of rainfall and a lot of sunshine. It does well in fertile and medium-textured sandy loom soils and although it is resistant to drought, maturation may be delayed with frequent drought spells. It is a legume that is tolerant to saline conditions and does well at a pH of 7-8 (moderate alkaline). The crop is susceptible to weed when very young and weeding is necessary. It is also affected mostly by two types of diseases, namely Alternaria cucumerina var. cyamopsidis and Xanthomonoas cyamopsidis and hence, one is required to choose cultivars that are resistance to these.One is also advised to adopt splinkler irrigation or take advantage of the rains to prevent increase of population of Contarinia texanaguar midge, which is a predator. Fertilizers such as N, P2O5 and K2O are applied to the soils at the rate of 20:60:80 kg per hectare. One hectare can produce up to 5-6 tonnes for seeds, while biomass production is in the range of 40-50 tonnes/ha.

For more information about guar gum please visit:


Large guar gum production in India is because of the sandy loam soils and climatic conditions, as well as increased global demand and surge in prices. Thus, farmers see it as a better cash crop. Guar gum export in India is reliable, with the country being the largest global guar gum exporter (contributing over 80% in world market).

Ajit Patel

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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The Increasing Use of Guar Gum Powder for Cosmetics

We all want glowing good looks and to this end we keep up to date with new discoveries in the cosmetics industry for news on creams and lotions that promise to be gentle on our skins, repair damaged cells and restore a youthful glow. While the fountain of eternal youth may remain elusive, there are certainly products which can improve the look and condition of our skin and hair and we want our cosmetics to look and feel good when we use them.

Guar Gum Powder - 2

Studies Prove Efficacy of Guar Gum Powder

The guar gum plant, Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, also known as cluster bean and Siam bean, is grown in the arid areas of India. India is a major contributor of guar gum in the global market with the powder being sold and available in different viscosities. The gum powder is always produced in accordance with safety and quality standards for its use in a broad range of industries such as the pharmaceutical, food and cosmetic industries.

The food grade gum is regarded as the best thickening, stabilizing and emulsifying additive and its ability to suspend solids, control the viscosity of aqueous solutions, bind water by hydrogen bonding and form strong films have meant it is used in many industries.

For commercial production, the guar gum seeds are cleaned and soaked for pre-hydration. The soaked splits are then then flaked and ground into powder and dried.

The Highest Grade Guar Gum Powder for use in Cosmetics

Guar gum for cosmetics is processed and produced from high grade ingredients along with the latest processing techniques to ensure the powder is high quality and non allergic for all kinds of skins. Guar gum is a nontoxic emulsifier that binds to liquids and when it is put in water for instance, it forms a thick and even paste, and it is this ability which makes it such an economical thickening agent in the cosmetic industry.

Face masks are made from natural ingredients which are included because they nourish and cleanse and increase elasticity. Among the ingredients like spring water, olive oil and glycerin, guar gum is included. With its excellent conditioning properties, it contributes towards softness in hair and the skin and assists with detangling hair.

Guar Seed - Guar Gum Splits - Guar Gum PowderGuar gum powder for cosmetics is used extensively in the manufacture of toothpaste, making it possible for the paste to be extruded from the tube without any pressure. It is ideal for use in emulsified systems like lotions and creams as a protective colloid, increasing emulsion stability and preventing water loss and syneresis. Not only that, the use of a natural preservative like guar gum can also help your skin care products to enjoy a longer shelf life.

Many people like to make their own natural deodorants, and a mixture of guar gum and aloe-vera gel along with essential oils can give you a non toxic and effective deodorant. As a non toxic emulsifier that binds to liquids and forms a thick material, is is used broadly in the cosmetic industry to manufacture lipsticks, shampoos, face masks and conditioners.

The Safety of Guar Gum Powder for Cosmetics Tried and Tested

The demand for natural and safe products has increased the necessity of an organic emulsifier, and guar gum powder meets this demand. Even The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) includes Guar Gum on its list of ingredients which is regarded as ‘Generally Recognized As Safe’ (GRAS). It has been concluded that Cyamopsis Tetragonoloba (Guar) is completely safe when used in cosmetic and personal care products.

Through tried and tested research, we use plants as a source of food and medicine, and guar gum, loaded with both nutritional and medicinal properties, has enjoyed a massive increase in popularity and demand. The pharmaceutics and cosmetic industry are primarily focused on using a natural plant based product which is an environmentally friendly ingredient as compared to synthetic ingredients. For more information about guar gum powder please visit:

Ajit Patel

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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India emerging as the Major Guar Gum Exporter in the Global Market

Demand for Guar Gum in the Global Market

Guar Gum Powder - 2The global demand for guar gum has increased with increasing oil and gas demand. For instance, it has been used in extraction of shale gas in America. Still, its demand is higher because of its cheap price and superior characteristics as a stabilizer, lubricant, controlling agent, deformers, and surfactant, and these characteristics are needful in oil fields and gas extraction. It has also been applied for oil well stimulation and fracturing. India is the largest world supplier of guar gum and exports have increased to 75% share of world market as per 2011. Guar gum exports in India reached about 260,000 tonnes to 270,000 tonnes, which was an increase with 40, 000 to 50, 000 tonnes from 2010 guar gum export. The increase in guar gum prices proves that its demand is increasing, with a 72% in March last year, up to about Rs 85,000. In 2013, India was the largest supplier of guar gum in the world market with over doubled income in exports ($4.78 billion). Guar production is also more demanded because of increase in demand for guar meals.

Guar Production in India

Fast Hydration Guar Gum Powder1

Guar gum powder is extracted from guar seeds, and the plant is grown in north India, with Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana being the biggest manufacturers in India. Another product is guar splits, also gotten from the seeds. Guar is a legume and a cash crop also grown in sandy soils of West India but resistant to drought and semiarid conditions in India. Indeed, it is grown in semiarid regions where fewer plants can make it but requires a lot of sunshine and some rainfall. It only takes 3-4 months to be harvested in October after planting shortly after July rains. The government ought to support more farmers financially and with more inputs, in these regions to increase guar production (including providing more guar seeds), because the demand in the world market is still high. In addition, the government ought to support farmers in these regions with more processing equipments than currently available in the North Western states in India, in addition to facilitation farmers to do more exports by avoiding ban on guar gum futures in future. More research is also needed to boost production by helping farmers with inputs to better conditions for growth of guar. Guar splits are also applied in diverse industrial needs such as in textile, printing, pharmaceuticals, and tanneries, among others. As a green plant, it can act as a fodder.

Future Market for Guar Production and Export in India

It is likely that guar rates could increase in future because of increasing demand due to expected price increase in crude oil prices. Demand could also increase as more people continue to use guar gum in more industries due to its stabilizing and other characteristics. Further exploration of Shale gas could lead to more increase in prices. There is a chance that guar gum powder could be more demanded as people continue to become aware of guar meals and use in foods and this could increase guar gum exports India. With more attention in guar as a cash crop, more expectations of price increase and its larger market, production and export from India could increase as more people start and continue farming it.


The global demand for guar gum is mainly because of increase in fuel prices and demand for fuel, as well as its diverse applications in various industries (meaning wider market). India is the largest exporter of guar gum to the world market. It also has superior qualities that make it better than competitor products. Farming in India is mainly in the West and North and it is resistant to semiarid and drought conditions. More production and processing are needed because demand in the world market could rise in future. Guar gum exports India could increase with government’s support to farmers. For more information please visit:

Ajit Patel

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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Applications of Fenugreek Gum Powder as a Food & Pet Food Additive

Fenugreek Gum Powder

Fenugreek Gum Powder - 1

Known as a legume, Fenugreek is a part of the Fabaceae plant family, and even though it is an annual which is indigenous to the Mediterranean, its medicinal and nutritional properties have resulted in it being cultivated in vegetable gardens the world over. The fenugreek plant will grow to about 60cm tall and enjoys sun along with well-drained, somewhat acidic soil. The fresh green leaves are known as menthi and are used with relish in a salad. The endosperm of fenugreek seed is a gum which consists of galactose and mannan. The galactose is used as a thickening agent in foods like gravies, ice cream and soups and the gum also has the possibility of being used as an emulsifier in the petroleum drilling industry.

From Seeds to Powder

To make fenugreek gum powder, the seeds are collected, they are then cleaned to remove all impurities, after which they are dried and grounded to make powder. The powder which is slightly cream-colored is packed with aseptic measures for storage and transportation.

Treats Many Immune Related Diseases of Modern Times

The seeds have a generous proportion of soluble fiber known as mucilage in them and this in itself has excellent health benefits, aiding digestion by creating a feeling of ‘fullness’ so that the desire to eat is reduced. The powder can be taken internally or used topically. Small wonder that fenugreek gum powder has also found its way into many of our top brand pet foods where small dogs will just require half a level teaspoon in one meal each day while a large dog will require two teaspoons in one meal every day.

Fenugreek gum powder for pet food is superb because for fussy eaters it encourages appetite and will also aid digestion, being a mild but effective laxative. Galactomannan in fenugreek gum powder is excellent for obesity in pets as well. Our pets are often susceptible to the same health problems that we as humans have to endure, and fenugreek gum powder used in pet food is a fantastic anti-inflammatory, it is excellent for increasing milk production in lactating dogs and it assists with lowering cholesterol.

Fenugreek Gum - 2

The seeds are also used as veterinary medicine and are given to cattle to enhance milk production. The powder can also be applied over swellings and wounds in animals. Other health benefits which we as humans benefit from and which can benefit our pets too include the control of blood sugar levels, assisting with weight loss, an aid to controlling diabetes, kidney problems, blood pressure level as well as blood cholesterol.

A Necessary Ingredient in the Food Industry

Fenugreek gum powder in the food industry is highly sought after because the galactomannan in it has the property of viscosity. Fenugreek gum has three grades and each one has different galactomannan content. Fenugreek galactomannan is easily dispersed in water and develops high viscosity. Emulsifiers can certainly help to make food look more appealing, and the powder is an emulsifier for food mixtures of oil and water, enabling it to be used as a stabilizer for food, and with other excellent characteristics, it is used in many industries of which the pet food industry is just one.

A Balanced Supply of Nutrients to Prevent and Cure

Instead of checking our pet’s health constantly which is still important, you should be checking what food they are getting to make sure their sugar levels are right. You’ll want to look for a pet food product that contains fenugreek gum powder, which is helpful in balancing sugar levels naturally in your pet, for warding off a host of other ailments and to keep his tail wagging with gratitude. To know more about fenugreek please visit:

Ajit Patel

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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Sesbania Gum Powder – A Better Replacement for Guar Gum Powder

The Sesbania gum plant is found in the monsoon regions of Asian countries. It is a plant that can grow up to 2 meters high and is marked by large flowers available in a range of bright colors like white, yellow or pink. Sesbania Gum - 1The Sesbania gum is extracted from seeds in Asia by carefully removing the husk, cotyledons and other germ materials from the seed, thus exposing the clean splits which are then milled in a mesh, resulting in a pure and refined Sebastian gum. Other names for this plant are Dhaincha and Jantar. The plant thrives well in highly alkaline soils and even water logged areas. The plant adapts well to hot and humid environment. It has tough and stout stems and the plant is able to withstand unfavorable weather conditions that would otherwise be detrimental to other plants.

Uses and properties of Sesbania gum powder

Sesbania gum has similar characteristic to other natural gums. However depending on climate and concentrations, the gum may behave differently. Under higher concentrations, Sesbania may behave like the guar gum .Sesbania gum is highly soluble in water and has a high viscosity rate thus the reason for its preference in textile industries. Sesbania gum powder is used as a thickening agent or dye agents in textile industries. Due to its high soluble rate, it is widely used in the treatment of waste water. The gum plays a major role in the oil industry in various areas thus increasing the overall oil production and increasing sales.

Advantages of Sesbania over Guar gum powder

Guar gum powder was widely used as a thickening agent in numerous industrial fields. However its popularity is declining due to the scarcity of its material thus making the product very expensive to obtain. However Sesbania plant grows in alkaline soils and therefore cheap to produce since no crop displacement is required for its cultivation. Sesbania Gum can be produced at a cheaper cost than the Guar gum. Moreover Sesbania gum does not degrade even at very high temperatures whereas the Guar gum degrades. The Sesbania gum is 5 times higher viscous than the Guar gum. Although the Guar gum powder has been used in large quantities in the petroleum industry, studies have revealed that even the Sesbania gum powder is able to fully perform similar functions. Therefore most industries are now replacing their Guar gum use with Sesbania powder.


In this industrialized world, gum use is increasingly becoming useful in various industries. As research continues people are on the lookout for the most efficient gum available. Studies have revealed that Sesbania Gum powder is now preferred to Guar gum powder due to its desirable properties. The viscosity and solubility rate of the Sesbania gum powder is 5 times higher than most natural gums in the market. The issue of cost also comes up since it is much cheaper to produce Sesbania Gum powder. Apart from industrial use the powder is also used as incense. Therefore it has proved to be a truly better replacement. Know more about sesbania gum powder please visit:

Ajit Patel
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Rise in Guar Gum Demand and Export in India in 2013

Known also as guaran, guar gum is manufactured from guar seeds that are known for their excellent low-sheer viscosity properties. Guar gum has been applied as a stabilizing and thickening product in variety of industries such as oil/gas extraction industry. India is the largest supply of guar gum across the world, in terms of export (with increase of up to 139% on a year-on-year basis in exports). Large guar gum export India is because of its large demand in oil across the world. Last year, guar production in India saw the country join US and Pakistan as major producers in the world with over 80% total global production. Thus, guar gum exports from India into the global market are among the highest. The seed is ground in order to produce guar gum powder.

Guar Seed - Guar Gum Splits - Guar Gum Powder

Various Applications of Guar that create Demand for Guar in Indian and Global Market

A larger percentage of demand for guar from India is because of surge in oil and petroleum demand, because guar is mainly used in extraction of shale gas. Demand for guar in Indian and global market is high due to their superior qualities compared to other competing agents. For instance, it can serve as a binder, plasticizer and emulsifier, in addition to its application as a stabilizing and thickening agent. As a thickener, it has superior properties than corn starch. It is superior to other thickeners and stabilizers too in that it is more cost-effective. Guar is resistant to draught. It has found wide applications in the textile, oil and petroleum, pharmaceutical and explosives industries. It has also been effectively used in other industries such as cosmetics, mining and drilling, among others. It is also used in the water treatment operations, in addition to serving as a nourishing product for humans and animals. It has been found to lower insulin and blood glucose levels. Its varied application means it can be sold to people with various needs unlike many other cash crops. This means it has a more stable market. For instance, in farming, it can be applied as green fodder and manure. To know more applications of guar please visit:

Better Factors likely to improve Guar Production & Export in 2013

Guar production in India is in semi arid and sub-tropical areas and in sandy soils with some level of rainfall. It is a legume that will regenerate nitrogen in soil and can be used as a vegetable when green. Guar gum in India required handling with modern technologies to produce high quality guar gum powder and other products. Modern technology is required because care is needed to ensure that the nutritive nature is undisturbed and that the product remains hygienic. Guar Gum Powder - 2Production of guar gum in India will also be better if more investment is made in research for latest technology that handles processing activities and carries physio-chemical testing to avoid contamination and retain nutrients at every stage. Increasing guar gum export India requires that the government needs to open up the market and resist bans on futures as it was in 2012. In addition, the government (through the Forward Markets Commission) needs to allow people trading in guar, more limits (75%) and remove requirement to disclose source of funding. This will allow farmers to raise more capital for production of more guar, which is mainly being used in extraction of shale gas. The government also should come up with better policies and strategies that would control price speculations rather than result to methods that lower production. It should also come up with financial policies and export policies to support farmers as regards cheaper farming inputs and processing, because guar has great capability to help Indian economy.


In conclusion, guar has a high demand because of varied application, and also because of increase in demand for oil/gas since it is used in extraction. India, being the largest exporter of guar, also has ability to produce more. Thus, it is necessary for government to put measures such as avoiding a limit in production and selling of guar (such as removing ban on guar gum futures), as well as should support farmers to produce and export more.

Ajit Patel
This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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Applications of Hydrocolloids and Gums in Food

Basic Introduction about Hydrocolloids

1a98fc220f851bea786acfdb33821f48Hydrocolloids in simple terms refer to substances that form a gel when they come into contact with water. They are usually referred to as gums. Hydrocolloids help control the thickening and gelling properties of aqueous foods. The most commonly used hydrocolloids in the food production industry include; cassia gum,sesbania gum, tamarind gum, guar gum, fenugreek gum, gelatin, Arabic gum et cetera. Hydrocolloids are organic and naturally occurring, some are extracted from tree sap, seaweed, seeds or roots among other sources.

Hydrocolloids in Food Applications

images12Hydrocolloids are widely used in the food industry because of their ability to alter flow properties of liquids, their gelling ability, their ability to cause oil droplets emulsification and they also prevent ice recrystallization. Hydrocolloids are used as thickening agents, emulsifiers, stabilizers and water retention agents in different food industries. These functions are listed below.

Thickening and agent- Hydrocolloids are added to foodstuffs such as sauces, gravies, instant soups, cake batters, jam and other salad dressings to promote evenly textured thickening. This is also applied to the processing of puddings and desserts.

Emulsification- the use of Hydrocolloids as emulsifiers helps prevent the separation of oil droplets from water. This is important when products such as margarine are produced as their ingredients contain both water and fats. The same case applies to the production of ice cream.

Stabilizer- the ability of Hydrocolloids to hold together components of a food product thus preventing physical changes from occurring makes it a great stabilizer. It increases the shelf life of processed foods, keeping them fresh for longer.

Crystallization inhibitor- Manufacturers of ice cream, candies, sugar syrups et cetera use Hydrocolloids such as guar gum to prevent ice crystallization. It also preserves dairy products by providing texture.

Water retention agent- Hydrocolloidssuch as guar gum powder are good at retaining moisture. This has vital applications in the baking industry to keep the dough from drying out. It also retains moistures in frozen foods. This is done to prevent syneresis.

Common Hydrocolloids

Guar Gum as a hydrocolloid

Guar gum is sourced from the guar plants’ seeds. It is a common Hydrocolloid that is used in the food production industry. It is a common additive that is used as a thickening and gelling agent, a natural food stabilizer, a moisture retention agent and an emulsifier. Guar gum for food is used extensively in production and processing of foodstuffs as various industries make use of its properties. To know more about guar gum please visit:

Cassia Gum as Hydrocolloid

Unlike the guar gum, the use of cassia is largely limited to pet-food production. Cassia gum has properties of a thickening agent, texturizing agent and foam stabilizer, however, its use is largely confined to production of pet food.

Tamarind, Sesbania and Fenugreek as Hydrocolloids

Tamarind is largely used as a thickening agent. Its use is not very wide spread and different people use it for different reasons. It is used in soups, jams, ice creams and juices to increase thickness. Like tamarind, Sesbania and Fenugreek are used as thickening agents in sauces. Their general use is also not wide spread. They are mostly used differently by different communities around the world.


Hydrocolloids have numerous properties which can be used and are being used in the food industry. Their use has helped food processing industries produce quality products that last longer by preserving them using organic agents.

Ajit Patel
This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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Guar Gum – A Better Hydrocolloid than Xanthan Gum for use in Food Industry

What are hydrocolloids?

imgf0003A hydrocolloid is a substance that will form a gel when put in water or when in contact with water. They are dispersed in water because they are hydrophilic polymers, and can form gels or liquid solutions depending on the amount of water present. They are used with aqueous foods to alter the functional properties of the latter. For instance, they can be used to prevent food having organoleptic properties and to prevent recrystallization. They can be applied in food to achieve certain thickening and gelling properties, termed as viscosity. They have also been applied to for emulsion stabilization. Sometimes they are naturally present in these foods or can be added to them. In food, they help in flavor perception depending on the degree of chain entanglement which determines the degree with which they mix with saliva. Hydrocolloids can also be used for adhesion, flocculation and suspension, as well as for forming films. Many hydrocolloids, including xantham and alginate are polyelectrolytes and thus can be defined by the properties of the latter. Reduced viscosity and good hydration properties of guar gum, Sesbania gum, cassia gum and tamarind gum make them useful in food industry.

Popular Hydrocolloids and comparison between xanthan gum and guar gum

gums-hydrocolloids-250x250There are many hydrocolloids, including the guar gum, cassia gum and the Sesbania gum. Others are tamarind gum, fenugreek gum and xanthan gum, among others. Cassia gum is soluble in water and will reach full viscosity in aqueous solutions on heating. Sesbania gum can form a solution in both cold and hot water while tamarind gum dissolves in hot water. The xanthan gum is made through fermentation while fenugreek gum can be used in forming and is also soluble in water. Guar and xanthan gums are the most common gums used as hydrocolloids. Guar gum powder is used for thickening and forming pastries, among other uses. Generally, guar gum will be considered better than xanthan because it is a natural product made from seed when xanthan is made through fermentation. In terms of properties, guar gum performs better than other additives because of superior thickening and stabilizing properties.

Guar gum powder has wider applications than cassia gum, sesbania gum, tamarind gum and fenugreek gum. A lot of healthy disorders and problems have been associated with consumption of xanthan compared to guar gum for food. For instance, it is posited that gastric distress occur because corn, from which xanthan is extracted, is sometimes altered through genetic engineering. In terms of cost, many will find guar gum for food, a better choice that xanthan. Some people will develop allergy for xanthan, in addition to its ability to cause gas, diarrhea and blotting. Xanthan is not recommended for people who have allergies to corn products. In addition, guar gum can be produced at home through easier processes compared to xanthan.

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In conclusion, hydrocolloids are products dispersed in water to either form a solution or gel. Guar gum and xanthan are more common than other hydrocolloids and guar gum is considered better because of its being natural, healthier to use (fewer healthy-related problems), superior properties and wider applications.

Ajit Patel
This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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