Application of Cassia Gum Powder in Beverages

Cassia gum powder is extracted from the endosperms of the seeds of Senna obtusifolia and Senna Tora. They are also known as Cassia obtusifolia & Cassia tora respectively. Cassia gum comprises at least 75% polysaccharide with the mainly composed of galactomannan. It has a mannose: galactose ratio of 5:1 that results in a higher molecular mass.

The colour of cassia gum powder is off-white and odorless in nature. Its structure imparts it several properties that make it suitable for application in numerous industries. The cassia tora plant also consists of around 1-2% cassia oil that imparts a spicy aroma and improves the food taste.

Properties of Cassia Powder

Cassia powder comprises of 75% polysaccharides by weight. This makes it highly soluble in hot water to form a full stable viscous gel. It thus finds application in industries to be used as emulsifiers, thickeners, and stabilizer additives. Cassia gum powder is used extensively preferred for use in the food industry. It is used as an additive for human feed as well as pet and cattle feed products. The cassia seedling constitutes of resins, sugars, tannins, gums, mucilage, oils, and cinnamaldehyde that makes the cassia powder a very natural choice for its use as food additives. Additionally, it is also used as pesticides, since it is a natural ingredient. The cassis powder, therefore, is used as an additive in pet food and cattle feed products as well as the powder does not cause any toxic effects on the animals. It is considered safe to be used for both animal feed and human food thickening.

cassia gum powderCassia Powder in Beverages

Cassia powder is the most preferred natural ingredient in the food industry. It is used as a thickener, foam stabilizer, and water retention agent for making different beverages. It is also used as a food additive in making cheese, frozen dairy desserts, meats, and poultry products. The seeds of cassia have several health benefits in them. For long, cassia gum powder has been preferred for ayurvedic applications for the treatment of several diseases. Cassia seed along with haw, pollen, honey, and jasmine are utilized in preparing the healthy beverage. It helps in lowering the blood fat & blood pressure and exhibits curing effect for diseases, like photophobia, constipation, cerebral vascular sclerosis, neurasthenia, gastroenteritis disorder, climacteric syndromes, prostatitis, etc.

Additionally, the bark of cassia induces hot taste and is thus preferred in winters to make the body warm. Cassia tora tea is prepared from the cassia seeds and is in high demand in Korea. A health drink made from cassia seed holds great medical importance in China. The preparation of this drink involves a series of procedures, like impurity removing, toasting, peeling, and powdering. It is made sure that the concentration of the main component of this drink, i.e. Cassia seed, is kept high in order to have a greater utilization ratio. This drink can be considered for long-term consumption and has no side effect.


The Bottom Line:

The structure of cassia gum powder imparts it several benefits that make it suitable for various industrial applications. Cassia gum has several health benefits and is used in the preparation of beverages that have great nutritional advantages. The fact that the cassia powder is a great thickening, foam stabilizing and water retention agent highlights its importance as an ingredient in the preparation of numerous beverages.

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Application of Guar Gum Powder in Making Kefir

Guar gum, chemically, is an exo-polysaccharide that is composed of the sugars- galactose and mannose. The backbone of the structure is a linear chain comprising of β 1,4-linked mannose residues to which galactose residues are 1,6-linked at every second mannose. As a result, they form short side-branches. Guar gum has the ability to withstand high temperatures of 800c for around five minutes. The presence of extra galactose points makes the guar gum more soluble in water. There are a number of other properties of guar gum powder that makes it suitable for wide industrial applications. Guar gum is used in the food industry, textile industry, paper industry, explosives industry, pharmaceutical industry, cosmetics & toiletries industries, hydraulic fracturing.

What is Kefir?

Kefir is a type of fermented milk drink, which is quite similar to yogurt. It first originated in the Caucasus, Eastern Europe, and Russia, and was prepared by inoculating cow, goat, or sheep milk with kefir grains. The grains of kefir are fermented overnight at ambient temperatures that yields sour, carbonated, and slightly alcoholic beverage having taste & consistency similar to yogurt. It contains a symbiotic culture of lactic acid bacteria and yeasts embedded in a matrix of proteins, lipids, and polysaccharides. This pattern resembles that of small cauliflower grains and is formed due to the result of microbial activity.

During the fermentation of kefir grains, the ingredient composition changes. Lactose or the sugar present in the milk is converted into lactic acid by the bacteria causing acidification of the product. This lactic acid is further broken into propionic acid. Other compounds that play a major role in flavor addition of kefir are pyruvic acid, acetic acid, diacetyl, acetoin, citric acid, acetaldehyde, and amino acids.

guar gum powderGuar Gum Powder in Kefir

Guar gum powder is used as an additive in making kefir. It is an important component for making dairy products. It is used in making cheese and improves its texture and tenderness. Guar gum powder also adds a mouthfeel to the dairy products and hence is widely preferred in the industry.

Guar gum powder is used in kefir as a thickening agent. Apart from kefir, it is preferred as a thickener in milk, yogurt, and liquid cheese products and help to maintain the homogeneity & texture of ice-creams. The structure of guar gum imparts it a number of properties that makes it suitable for numerous applications as gelling, viscosifying, thickening, clouding, and binding agent.

How to Make Kefir?

The first step of making coconut milk kefir includes mixing of kefir grains in the coconut milk and stirring it with a non-metal spoon. Then, cover the mixture with a coffee filter or a cloth and secure it by a rubber band. It is then cultured at room temperature, between the range of 68°-85°F. Guar gum powder is added before the solution is kept for culture in place of other additives and sweeteners as they can be hard on the kefir grains. Start checking the condition of culture after 12 hours. Once the coconut kefir has achieved the required consistency remove the milk kefir grains from it.

The Bottom Line: Guar gum powder is the most preferred additive in making Kefir. It is used as a thickening agent and should be added to the solution (before being kept for culture) in place of other additives and sweeteners who have the tendency to be hard on kefir grains. Guar gum has the ability to be used as a gelling, viscosifying, thickening, clouding, and binding agent in numerous industries.

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Global Hydrocolloid Market in the Food Industry

Hydrocolloid is a substance that creates a gel by making use of water. It has several applications in many industries like food processing industry. Hydrocolloids are very popular and are a wafer type dressing with agents that form a gel in an adhesive compound. It is a heterogeneous group of long-chain polymers that has the ability to modify the rheology of food systems. It affects the viscosity (flow behaviour) and texture (mechanical solid property).

There has been a rise in demand for hydrocolloid market which is mainly due to the processed food industry. Several statistics suggest that the hydrocolloid market will reach $108.5 billion by 2020. There are many applications in several other industries like pharmaceutical, mining, tobacco, textile, oil drilling, and more.

Importance of Hydrocolloid

Cassia Gum Powder is comparatively new food hydrocolloids. Caesalphiniacease is a wild crop found in several parts of the Indian Subcontinent and is useful to produce cassia gum powder. It is also found in several other regions like China, Indonesia. It is useful as a thickening agent, emulsifier & texturizer and has several applications in many different industries.

There are many applications for Hydrocolloids including that for medical treatment. A dressing created with the help of hydrocolloids has an ability to provide an optimal healing environment. The fact that it is moist and insulating is an added advantage. If a wound is free from infection, the use of hydrocolloids is very useful; since it allows the enzymes of the body itself to heal a wound. Some of the popular properties of hydrocolloids include:

  • Waterproof backing
  • Consists of gel-forming agents
  • It is available in several shapes and sizes.
  • There is an adhesive border which is optional.

It also has several applications in the food industry besides the medical industry. Some of the popular hydrocolloids are Guar Gum Powder and Cassia Gum Powder. The popular applications of hydrocolloids in the food industry include use as a food additive and health promoter. It has several useful properties that are vital to the food industry.

  • Thickener
  • Gelling Agent
  • Fat Replacer
  • Emulsifier
  • Clarifying Agent
  • Whining Agent
  • Flocculating Agent
  • Clouding Agent

 Hydrocolloids in the Food Industry

Demand for Cassia Gum Powder

The global market for food stabilizer has been growing and is likely to grow further. In fact, as per several statistics, it grows at a CAGR of 4% by 2020. Ready to eat or processed food is becoming more popular and the growth of the global hydrocolloid market is likely to increase  demand for such convenient food. The food market in India and China are the main targets for such food items due to rapid urbanization and number more of working women.

Here are several statistics and facts that help understand the rise in demand for hydrocolloids:

  • Hydrocolloids market has estimated to account for 8.8 Billion USD in 2018.
  • It is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.3% between 2018 & 2023 and reach a value of 11.4 Billion USD by 2023.
  • Hydrocolloids are increasing in demand due to the rise in demand for convenience food.
  • The change in lifestyle and eating habits of consumers across the globe is contributing to increase in demand of hydrocolloids.
  • The people are becoming more conscious about their diet and nutrition hence this too has been a contributing factor.
  • Although, food & beverages sector is the fastest growing segment that has resulted in  high demand for hydrocolloids, there are several other sectors that have also contributed. This includes cosmetics & personal care products and pharmaceutical industry as well.
  • Some of the common food products that have contributed to the increase in demand are dairy products, confectionery, meat & poultry products, beverages, bakery items, sauces and dresses.
  • The main application in food products is as in the form of an emulsifier, fat replacer, gelling agent and stabilizer.
  • There is a steady increase in demand since 2016 and it is expected to grow rapidly till 2023. This rise is global and includes countries in North America, Europe and the Asia Pacific.

Thus, the global hydrocolloid market is on the rise and it is mainly due to the food industry. This trend is likely to continue into the future thus increasing the demand for hydrocolloids like Cassia Gum Powder.

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Global Food Regulatory Information for Cassia Gum Powder

Cassia Gum Powder is produced from the seed of a crop known as Caesalpiniaceae, that grows in many parts of India. It happens to be a natural gelling agent and has several applications in the food industry and several other industries as well. Cassia has several useful properties, it acts as a stimulant, carminative, and tonic. Cassia also contributes to the spicy aroma and taste. It is a natural pesticide for organic farms and is also very popular in the pet industry.

This article goes on to provide important statistics and facts about Cassia Gum Powder which makes it evident that it is in demand; as well as the regulatory information for different countries.

Important Stats and Facts

  • Cassia Gum Powder market was valued at 10.1$ million US in 2015.
  • Between 2018 and 2023 there is expected to be a CAGR of 6.7%.
  • There is expected to be a CAGR of more than 6% by 2022.
  • Dog food is expected to account for a fair share of the demand by 2023.
  • The use of Cassia-Gum Powder has been approved in several countries in Europe, as well as China and Japan.
  • This market is segmented into North America, South America,, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Africa.
  • North America is likely to dominate the market share by approximately 30%.
  • The other top regions include Asia-Pacific, Africa with Western Europe being last.
  • Demand for Cassia is on the rise globally due to the change in the rules & regulations in several regions around the world. This includes countries like Japan, China, Europe, America.
  • It tops a list of food stabilizers in Europe.
  • There is high demand in countries like USA, Canada, China, Mexico, India, Australia, South Africa, Brazil and Turkey.

cassia gum powder

Regulatory information for Cassia Gum Powder

  • Europe: It is approved for use in Europe as a stabilizer, thickening agent, and gelling agent for the use as canned pet food (exclusively for cats and dogs). It has been approved by the Europe Commission Directive (ECC No. E 499). It has also been approved for use for human food applications as of 2010. It has also been recognized for use as “GRAS” in food for a maximum of 2%. It has approved for use mainly in baked foods, cheese, jams, and jellies.

  • Japan: Japan has also given the approval to use it as a food additive. This approval is by the Ministry of Health and Welfare as of August 1995.
  • United States: It has been analysed by the experts in several areas to ensure it is safe to use. Experts from toxicology, pharmacology and food science have reviewed the safety of cassia gum powder for use as a thickening agent. This analysis has been conducted for use by humans and for the purpose of pet food as well. The review has received ‘GRAS’ approval (General recognized as safe). for food products. The approval for use as a stabilizer is still pending.

  • Australia: It is approved by the Australian government to use in the Australian market.

The approval has been listed in the Annex of the Council Directive as approved by commission directive. The main purpose to the Annex of the Council Directive is to protect plants from any harmful organism as well as prevent it from spreading. This includes rules to prevent importing harmful organism from entering as well. The directive states that the substance should not endanger any animal or human health. In the case where it is found to be harmful to either animals or humans, it will be suspended for up to 4 months.

As per the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, the tolerance level for pesticide reside of the foods has been set. Thus, if any food contains a residue it will be seized by the Government; it is also possible for the Government to seize the commodity if necessary. The product also needs to be approved by the National Toxicology Program (NTP).  Any product approved by NTP is safe for humans and animals to consume. NTP states that the products are scientifically tested.

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Significance of Guar Gum Powder for Ice Cream & Other Food Industry

Guar is grown in several countries around the world. Countries like India, Pakistan, USA, Australia and Africa grow Guar. However, it is believed over 80% of the Guar production is from India. Guar Gum Powder that is grown in these countries has several useful properties and applications.

The important properties include thickening, stabilizing and its high low-shear viscosity. This make is optimal for several industries like food, textile, oil & gas industry, and many more.

Some of the common applications include usage as a natural thickener, emulsifier, bonding agent, stabiliser, hydrocolloid, soil stabiliser, gelling agent, soil stabiliser, natural fibre, fracturing agent and flocculants.

This article goes on to describe the use of Guar Gum in the food industry and several other industries and especially for Ice Cream.

Importance of Guar Gum Powder for Ice Cream

Guar Gum Powder is useful in the making of Ice Cream since it helps it increase mix viscosity. This helps create a smooth and creamy structure. This also help reduce the melting properties of an Ice Cream. The advantage of using Guar Gum is that it has a higher viscosity compared to other hydrocolloids.

The other properties that gives it an edge is a highly effective binder, plasticizer and stabilizer and emulsifier. The fact that it is a polysaccharide with high galactose and mannose is also of significance. These properties make it vital to the food industry, especially for Ice Cream.

As a stabilizer, Guar Gum Powder helps improve the creaminess and reduce wateriness in the Ice Cream besides which it has a water thickening capacity of up to eight times that of cornstarch. One of the other advantages being that it also reduced crystal growth, shrinkage, and melting during storage. It is also beneficial in decreasing the fat content and increasing water concentration in the formulation.

guar gum powder

Guar Gum Application in Other Food Products

It has several useful properties that make it invaluable to the food industry. For example, it is used as a moisture-preserving & fat retarding agent in the bakery. It also helps reducing water and aids oil separation sauces and salads. It is useful to produce high-grade confectionery, low-calorie beverages, and as a thickener in pet food.

Some of the popular applications in the food industry are listed here:

  • Increase in the shelf life bakery products and also helps improve texture, overall structure, crumb, moisture retention and dough yield.
  • Has better sheet formation of noodles and improves moisture retention.
  • It is a good viscosifier thus is vital to the pet food industry.
  • Absorbs free water and prevents excessive stickiness in pastry ices.
  • Improves the texture and flavour of processed cheese. It is useful as a stabilizer.
  • Improves feel, shelf life, the viscosity of beverages.
  • Fulfils the soups requirements with its application as a thickener and stabilizer.
  • Useful as a  binder for sausages. It is useful for several meat products since it absorbs free water and improves the flow rate and also helps prevent separation and migration.
  • Improves the flow properties in dressings and sauces and also helps as a thicker and emulsion stabilizer.

Guar Gum Powder is vital to several industries like the tobacco industry, pharmaceutical industry, etc. It also has several applications like for oil well stimulation, mud drilling, oil well fracturing, water-based & brine-based drilling fluids. It helps reduce friction in drilling holes and reduce the power requirements. It is also useful for drilling aid in water drilling, oil well drilling and geological drilling, explosives, etc. It has the right set of properties that also make it perfect for Ice Cream as well.

 

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Cassia Powder vs Henna for Hair Treatment

Cassia Powder is derived from Caesalpiniacease, which is a wild crop. It grows in several parts of India as a weed and has many useful properties. It is a natural gelling agent and has several applications in the food and personal care industry. One of the other popular usages of Cassia Powder (Cassia Obovata) is for the purpose of hair treatment.

Henna is a plant whose leaves contain a red resin pigment. It has several applications like that for body art, hair colour, etc. It is also known as Mehndi. The way it works is the leaves of a plant are crushed and once the liquid is added, colour is released into the water. Mehndi is essentially a dye that is prepared from the plant Heena plant. This plant is known for several other names like Lawsonia inermis, henna tree, mignonette tree, and an Egyptian privet.

Cassia Powder for Hair Treatment

  • Cassia Powder will not stain the hands while Heena powder will stain.
  • It helps with moisturization of the hair, unlike Heena powder.
  • Hair will get a very glossy, strong and shiny effect one using it.
  • It is an excellent hair conditioner and does not contain any chemical preservatives.
  • The entire process of application of this powder is much faster as well.
  • It provides important nutrients to the hair and protects them against damage.
  • It is effective in curing sebum excess, reduces shedding, breakage and helps rejuvenates hair as well.
  • It is also very healthy for the scalp, is a cure for dandruff and heals irritation of scalp as well.
  • This is a cost-effective solution for hair treatment.
  • For those suffering from dry hair conditions, oily hair due to hormonal changes this is the perfect treatment.
  • It is very useful for treatment of dermatitis, desquamation, psoriasis.
  • It is useful to heal damaged cuticle and even prevents dandruff since it has antiseptic properties.
  • Fixed split ends and smooths burnt cuticles which are generally caused due to heat.
  • Strengthens hair structure and making it healthier, smoother and also reduced hair loss.
  • It is a natural conditioner and also purifies the scalp.
  • Makes the hair mineral rich and more elastic and improves shine.
  • One of the major advantages being it does not contain any dye or colouring agent like chamomile.

Henna for Hair

  • Henna is an invaluable ingredient to dye the hair naturally.
  • It can strengthen hair and help nourish and condition the tresses from deep.
  • It boosts hair growth and promotes hair growth exponentially and also reduces hair fall.
  • Improves follicle health and is beneficial for the scalp.
  • Makes hair silky and smooth, prevents dandruff and also helps with removal of excess grease and dirt.
  • It has antifungal and antimicrobial properties to cool and soothe the scalp and ease itchiness.
  • It is healthy, cost-effective and does not contain any chemicals
  • Useful for split ends and damaged or dry hair.
  • It helps make the hair thick and lustrous.
  • There is no a lot of option in terms of hair colour.
  • At times, it can have unpredictable results and some drying effect as well.
  • It is time-consuming and can get messy as well.

The Verdict

Both Heena and Cassia powder (Cassia Obovata) are good for the hair. Hence if you do not mind a reddish colour and do not mind using a dye, Heena is a good option. But one needs to beware that it can cause dryness and loss of curl definition and stain as well. On the other hand, Cassia Powder is a natural conditioner, does not stain or add a colour shade to your hair either.

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Cassia Polymers – Application in Conditioning Shampoo

Cassia gum is a naturally occurring, vegetable-based carbohydrate. Comprising of at least 75% polysaccharide, cassia gum is primarily a galactomannan having mannose and galactose ratio of 5:1. It is grown extensively in tropical zones and has been used for a long time in Ayurvedic medications. Cassia is also used in Chinese medications for treating a number of diseases, such as- skin ailments, indigestion, and pain. Apart from its medicinal applications, it is also preferred for use as a gelling agent in pet and human food applications.

Cassia Gum properties

Cassia gum powder has a unique structure and it can be modified to generate cationic galactomannans with higher levels of cationic substitution. This modification produces 2 new cationic cassia conditioning polymers, namely-cassia hydroxypropyltrimonium chloride with significant cationic charge density. The presence of higher charge levels in cationic cassia polymers leads to the formation of coacervate. This coacervate is formed during shampoo dilution in the form of a non-soluble complex. The surfactant formulations with cationic cassia polymers exhibit a higher level of coacervate formation as compared to other polymers.

Summary: Cassia gum has a unique structure and is modified to produce cationic galactomannans with higher levels of cationic substitution. This modification leads to the generation of cassia polymers having significant cationic charge density.

Cassia Powder

Cassia Polymer

The cassia polymer is a naturally derived and multifunctional polymer that helps in efficient silicon deposition. It also imparts a different sensory experience and improved conditioning performance in hair cleansing.  Apart from being used to produce shampoos, the polymers made from cassia gum are also used in the formulation of other products as well, such as- Body washes, shower gels, facial cleansers, hair mousses, styling crèmes, and lotions.

Cassia gum as an efficient Conditioning Polymer

Conditioning shampoos are always considered as an interesting prospect since it offers the convenience of cleansing and conditioning in a single step. The formulation of this product, though, is a bit complex due to contrasting mechanisms. The shampoo must be designed in a manner that it removes and solubilizes the soil and at the same time deposits conditioning ingredients. This is achieved by coacervation. The anionic surfactants and cationic conditioning polymers have the ability to be formulated together to produce a stable shampoo structure. The polymers made from cassia gum have excellent coacervate formation ability and thus aids in producing such shampoos.

The main function of cationic conditioning polymers is to improve the amount of silicone that gets deposited on the hair during the shampoo cycle. These silicones improve the hair feel, shine, and manageability. Cassia polymers leads to an increased coacervate formation that eventually aids in effective deposition of silicone and other ingredients into the hair fibers.

Additionally, the cationic cassia polymers also ease the combing and improve the feel & detangling of hair in both the wet and dry stage. As compared to other usual polymers, cassia gum derived polymers are much more effective in providing such experiences.

Summary: Cassia polymer is a naturally derived polymer and is used to produce conditioning shampoos. The cassia polymers are considered to be a better alternative than other polymers as they exhibit a higher level of coacervate formation. The coacervation leads to better deposition of conditioner ingredients.

The Bottom Line: Cassia polymers, obtained from the modification of cassia gum, is used extensively in the formulation of conditioning shampoos. The conditioning shampoos is preferred widely as it provides the shampoo and conditioning operation in a single step. The Cassia polymers help in the better deposition of silicone that leads to an improvement in hair feel and shine.
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Application of Hydroxypropyl Guar Gum (HPG) in Construction

Guar Gum is a galactomannan polysaccharide that is extracted from guar beans. It has thickening & stabilizing properties and hence finds numerous application in the food, feed, and industries. Hydroxypropyl Guar Gum, also known as HPG, is formed by the etherification reaction with non-ionic propylene oxide reagent with guar gum. This modification of guar gum severely improves its properties, like- alkaline stability, hydrophobicity, solubility, biostability, etc. It is thus deemed suitable for construction applications.

HPG Properties:

  • Water Retention: HPG, the modified form of guar gum, has excellent water retention properties due to adequate molar substitution. The water retention is considered as the most important parameter in the construction application and helps in better setting of the binder. It also reduces the effect of plastic shrinking.
  • Consistency: HPG improves the consistency of the mortar. This avoids the sagging of plaster and improves the resistance to tile sagging when applied on vertical walls.
  • Rheology Modifying: The rheological properties of the mortar mixture is very important that depends on its constituents. The mixture of cement, sand, and water, lack such characteristics and hence HPG is used as an additive. This modified form of guar gum exhibits bonding characteristic and hence improves the rheological properties.

guar gum powder

Summary: Guar gum powder is extracted from the guar beans and is a galactomannan polysaccharide. Hydroxypropyl Guar Gum (HPG), which is a modified form of guar, is produced by etherification reaction with nonionic propylene oxide reagent with guar gum. It has several important properties, such as- water retention, consistency, etc., that makes it quite useful in construction

Applications:

  • Dry cement based wall putty: HPG is widely preferred for use in dry cement based wall putty as it has good compatibility with different ingredients. It does not form any lumps and offers excellent water retention. The final mixture after the addition of modified guar gum powder shows good adhesion and smooth finishing.
  • Gypsum based plaster: On addition of HPG in the gypsum based plaster, it improves the setting time & open time of the mixture that ensures good workability. With the help of a hand plaster, smoother finishes are obtained.
  • Tile adhesives: The addition of HPG improves the adhesive strength, open time, and adjustable time of the final mixture. The workability is enhanced as well and it also makes sure that the mixture is easily applied.
  • Waterborne paints: The fact that HPG is a rheological modifier makes it an important additive for paint. It provides adequate viscosity and prevents spattering when the paint is applied with a roller.

Advantages of Hydroxypropyl Guar Gum:

  • HPG offers high and easier solubility in water as compared to cellulose.
  • Workability is significantly improved when HPG is mixed in a gypsum-based mortar.
  • Hydroxypropyl Guar Gum has the ability to replace cellulose ether when used in cement-based mortar. It imparts improved anti-sagging and thixotropy.
  • HPG can act as a substitute for cellulose ether for low viscosity applications since it has similar water retention ability.
  • HPG offers a cost-effective alternative as it is quite cheaply available.

Summary: HPG has multiple applications in- dry cement based wall putty, gypsum based plaster, tile adhesives, etc. It offers better solubility in water than cellulose and can replace it for low viscosity applications. HPG is a cost-effective alternative in the construction industry, available at a low cost.

The Bottom Line: Hydroxypropyl Guar Gum (HPG) is a modification of guar gum and exhibits improved properties of alkaline stability, hydrophobicity, solubility, biostability, etc. It is widely preferred for use in construction as it shows good water retention.

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Usage of Cassia Gum in Producing Air Fresheners

Air fresheners are used to emit fragrance in order to suppress the foul smell and make the space pleasant. They are extensively used in homes, restrooms, foyers, hallways, vestibules and other smaller indoor areas, as well as larger areas such as hotel lobbies, medical facilities, public arenas, and other large interior spaces. These days, a number of air fresheners are developed, such as- electric fan air fresheners, gravity drip hygiene odour control cleaning systems, passive non-mechanical evaporating aroma diffusers, metered aerosol time-operated mist dispensers, sprays, candles, oils, gels, beads, and plug-ins. Additionally, air fresheners also utilize organic as well as household items.

Cassia gum, due to its property of acting as a gelling agent, is used in producing air fresheners. These air fresheners are available in the form of gels.

Summary: Air fresheners are widely used in rooms, restrooms, hallways, etc. to emit fragrance in order to reduce the foul smell. Air fresheners are available in several variants- electric fan air fresheners, gravity drip hygiene odour control cleaning systems, etc. Organic components are also utilized these days for the production of air fresheners to reduce their side-effects.

cassia powder for air freshenerCassia Gum

Cassia gum is a high molecular weight polysaccharide comprising of galactomannans. The galactose and mannose are in the ratio of 1:5. The cassia gum powder is produced from Cassia Tora seeds. The seeds are de-husked and de-germed by milling and screening the endosperm. There are various mechanical cleaning steps which are taken in order to remove impurities from the seeds, such as- farm waste, undeveloped seeds, and stones. The splits are obtained from seeds by thermal & mechanical treatment and later these splits are grounded to form uniform small sized particles.

Cassia gum powder is soluble in hot water and on heating, fully solubilizes and reaches full viscosity in the aqueous solution. It is comprised of at least 75 % polysaccharide, which primarily consists of a linear chain of 1, 4-β-D-mannopyranose units with 1, 6 linked α-D-alactopyranose units.

Summary: Cassia gum is produced from Cassia Tora seeds and is a polysaccharide comprising of galactomannans. The seeds of Cassia Tora are de-husked and de-formed by milling the endosperm and with further thermal & mechanical treatment, splits are obtained. These splits are grounded to form small size cassia gum powder.

Cassia Gum as a Gelling Agent
Cassia gum is considered as one of the finest gelling agents, thickening additives, emulsifying additives and stabilizing additives. It has the ability to form firm thermoplastic gels with carrageenan. Cassia gum, when combined with Xanthan gum, forms a cohesive and elastic gel. Both of them do not possess the ability to form gels on their own. For its property of acting as a gelling agent, it is used widely to produce air fresheners. The cassia gum powder air fresheners come in the form of gels and emit a very pleasant smell.

The refined cassia gum powder has a high availability of galactose side chains which prohibit the gelling effect with anionic polymers. Hence, a hydrocolloid blend containing cassia gum is added in the food product in order to achieve the same effect as it is obtained with carrageenan or blends of carrageenan with other related galactomannans. Apart from the gelling agent, cassia gum is also used as thickener, emulsifier, stabilizer, and bonding agent.

Summary: Cassia gum has the ability to form firm thermoplastic gels with carrageenan and it is considered to be amongst one of the pre-eminent gelling agents. Cassia gum and Xanthium gum do not possess the ability to form gels on their own. Although, they both combine together to form a cohesive & elastic gel. Additionally, Cassia gum is also used as a thickener, emulsifier, etc.

The Bottom Line: Air fresheners are used for the reduction of foul smells or for emitting fragrance in a space. The cassia gum has the ability to form a gelling agent with carrageenan, Xanthan gum, etc. and is used as an air freshener. This air freshener comes in the form of a gel and is widely preferred.

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How Cassia Powder in Ayurvedic Treatment is Useful to Human Health

Ayurvedic treatment has been going strong for ages and is believed to have a cure for number of diseases. It makes use of naturally occurring herbs for the treatment without causing any side-effects. The main concept of ayurvedic treatment is that there must be a balance maintained between our body, mind, and spirit to achieve good health and wellness. It is considered to be the most effective remedial practice that everything on earth must follow disciplined order of living for leading a healthy and progressive life. The modern-day medications do more bad than good as it generates various side effects on an individual’s body. As a result, there is a paradigm shift observed amongst the patients toward the ayurvedic treatment.

Cassia Powder

Cassia powder has always been a preferred choice of drug for ayurvedic applications. The properties of Cassia seeds like laxative, antibacterial, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, smooth muscle stimulant, hepatoprotective, analgesic, hypoglycemic, anticancer, abortifacient, anti-colic, antifertility, estrogenic, etc. make it suitable for treatment. It is used as a cure for several diseases like- kushtha (skin diseases), hridroga (cardiac problems), vatarakta (gout), raktapitta (blood disorders), madhumeha (diabetes mellitus), visarpa (herpes), jvara (febrile conditions), etc.

Summary: Cassia gum properties are tapped in to produce various effective ayurvedic medications. These medications can be used as a cure for diseases like hridroga (cardiac problems), raktapitta (blood disorders), etc.

Cassia PowderCassia Powder Ayurvedic Applications
Cassia roots are used for the treatment of cold and it is considered to be one of the most effective cures available. It also has the ability to act as a panacea for other ailments, like that of the kidney, liver, and intestines.

Other applications of Cassia powder includes its usefulness as an antibiotic. It is a good remedy for skin diseases like- ringworm, tinea, leprosy, scabies, leukoderma, eczema, psoriasis, and even acne. The anti-inflammatory properties of cassia gum are tapped to be used as an herbal formulation in ayurvedic medication. It is used in ointments which helps to reduce the swelling. Cassia powder is believed to improve the gastric secretions in our body which leads in the digestion of food. It also contains retinoic acid which leads to improved vision.

The bark of cassia holds great medicinal value and is used in various methods across the world. It is capable of treating diarrhea, cold, nausea, painful menstruation and flatulence.

Summary: The roots of cassia are very effective in curing cold and is also used for the treatment of kidney, liver, and intestines. The anti-inflammatory properties of cassia gum make it to be used as herbal formulation. It can also improve the digestion of food and helps in improving vision.

The Bottom Line: Ayurvedic treatment is enjoying a little preference over the modern day medication as the latter induces a lot of side-effects. Cassia powder, with its great medicinal benefits, is used vastly in ayurvedic medications for the treatment of diseases like- skin diseases, kushtha (skin diseases), vatarakta (gout), etc.

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