Production, Processing, Export & Use of Psyllium Husk & Powder in India

Psyllium Production, Processing, Export & Use in India

Psyllium is a plant or rather herb as most people know it. It is also known as isabgol, ispaghula or isabgula. The herb is used in production of psyllium husk and psyllium powder. Ispaghula husk seeds are indigestible making them a source of soluble fiber. Psylliums high mucilage content makes it a true dietary fiber. Psyllium husk is the covering of seeds that grow in the plant .Psyllium powder is the end product after psyllium husk have been processed and crashed.

Psyllium Husk - Psyllium Husk Powder - 2

India dominates the world market in production and export of psyllium husk powder. It provides approximately 80% of psyllium husk powder in the world market. India has the upper hand when it comes to isabgol because of certain factors.

•             India’s light soils and warm temperate regions highly promote the crops growth. The crop grows well on light soils. Soils with poor drainage are not conducive for good growth of the plant.

•             It also thrives well in warm-temperate regions with cool and dry weather and most regions in India are characterized by this weather.

•             India’s large farms of up to 55,000 acres promote large scale farming of isabgula.

•             The countries high population level makes it easy and cheap to obtain labor force required in farming the crop.

•             India’s heavy investment in building irrigation schemes has also helped farmers grow ispaghula on a wider basis.

In India, production of psyllium husk and psyllium powder involves a series of steps.

•             Raw seed are cleaned by mechanical processes through various steps.

•             After cleaning seeds from the cleaning and pre cleaning chambers, de-husking processes begin. The process consists of crushing the seed with emery mills and separation of husk in a closed circuit of an automatic pneumatic aspiration system.

•             The psyllium seed husk is then separated from the remainder of the seed by using slight mechanic pressure. The seeds are crashed between rotating rollers and plates.

•             Psyllium husk is then purified by sieving the mixture to separate the husk from the remainder of the seed part.

•             To obtain high yield of pure quality psyllium seed husk, there is intact milling of psyllium seed in a mill which causes the husk to be fragmented by collision under certain conditions. The husk is fractured separating non-husk portion of the isabgol seed.

•             Psyllium powder is obtained through crashing the pure husk psyllium.

•             The products are then packaged under total hygienic control. Packaging includes uncoated and coated Uv stabilized PP woven fabric without liner, HDPE laminated paper bags with inner poly-liner, laminated PP woven bags with inner poly, fiber paper drum and silver plated ring with inner poly-liner.

The end products of isbagula are exported to countries such as United Kingdom, United States of America, Norway, Italy, France, Korea etc. India’s ispaghula farms are spread in Gujarat and Rajasthan. Farmers in Madhya Pradesh are also catching on. In India, there are various applications of psyllium and its products for medical and industry uses. In the country, the plant has been long known for its healing properties and traditional uses. It is a major component of Indian medicinal herbs used in ayurvedic and allopathic preparations. Indians also use it in remedying constipation problems. For more details on psyllium husk and powder please visit:

Ajit Patel

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Psyllium Husk & Powder – An Important Product for Pharmaceutical & Health Care Industries

What is psyllium husk?

Psyllium husk also known as isabgol is the white fibrous material that is derived from the coating of the seeds of plantago ovata which grows natively in India. The plant is hygroscopic and expands to become mucilaginous. The indigestible husks are considered a pure source of dietary fibre, and are the only part of the psyllium plant used in manufacturing psyllium products.

Psyllium Husk - 2

The psyllium husks are used in whole or dried and chopped or powdered for easier consumption. Whichever of these forms one chooses to use, they have to take them by mixing them with water or any other fluid.

Psyllium Husk Powder

This is the fine powder that is derived from the grinding of psyllium husks .It is pulverized from the psyllium husks, and is a natural agent mainly used to provide dietary fiber.

Regions where it’s Highly Grown

The plant grows worldwide but flourishes well in the middle east and grows natively in India .It also grows in Madhya ,Pradesh and in some parts of Rajasthan .Each of these plants can produce up to 15000 tiny ,slightly gel-coated seeds from which the husks are removed. Favorable conditions for growth include good sun exposure, less frost and in well drained soils.

Properties of Psyllium Husks:

  • The husks have high affinity for water and other fluids.
  • Psyllium husks are toxic free. They are not contaminated.
  • They are gluten -free so people who are allergic to gluten can use them
  • The husks readily produce gel through water absorption.
  • The husks are chemically inert; hence act mechanically in the canals. They are not digested and therefore cannot be absorbed by the body.
  • Psyllium husk is 10.5 natural fiber and doesn’t contain any preservatives or additives.
  • Psyllium husk contains a soluble fiber which helps lower cholesterol.

Nutritional Value of Psyllium Husk

Psyllium husks consist of about 30% mucilage, xyclose , arabanose and galacutronic acids. Additionally ,every 100 grams of contains 71 grams of soluble fiber. It also contains glycosides, proteins, vitamin B1 choline and polysaccharides .All these components contribute to the high quality of nutrition provided by the psyllium husks. Popular Names of Psyllium:

Psyllium plant is also commonly known as fleas seed, ispaghulla, psyllium seed, Indian plantago in India , spogel and sand plantanian.

Uses of Psyllium Husk for Pharmaceutical Industry

Psyllium is used in the pharmaceutical industry to making pharmaceutical formulations as a lubricating laxative, which is considered helpful in treating intestinal tract problems .

It is also used as a thickening agent during the formulation of capsules.

The psyllium husks are also used in the pharmaceutical industry for neutraceuticals , medicinal application.

How is Psyllium Powder used for Health Care?

Psyllium powder is known for its therapeutic and medicinal value. It is known to prevent and cure a wide range of medical conditions some of which include:

Reducing Risk of Heart Disease

Psyllium powder which is derived from psyllium husks reduces the risk of heart disease by reducing the cholesterol levels .The soluble fibers present in the psyllium powder binds with acids produced by bile which plays a vital role in the digestion of fats which are found in cholesterol . Through excretion of these fats this process helps in reducing cholesterol levels in the human body.

Relieving Constipation:

The psyllium seed powder contains hemicelluloses are used to relieve irritable bowel syndrome constipation and diarrhea and are used a a regular dietary supplement for purposes of improving and maintain regular GI transit.

Treating Diabetes:

The high fiber contained in psyllium powder derived from the husks helps lower insulin and blood sugar levels for diabetic people and reduces the chances of getting the disease for the people at risk of contracting the disease.


Doctors recommend psyllium powder which helps soften stool and reduces the pin associated with hemmorids.

High Blood Pressure:

Adding about 12 g of soluble psyllium powder to your diet helps to reduce blood pressure. In overweight people with hypertension psyllium powder helps reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.


Psyllium powder helps in reducing the human appetite. This can be used as a therapy for obese people who are trying to watch their weight.

Other psyllium health care uses include treating inflammatory bowel disease, treating diarrhea and treating irritable bowel syndrome.

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Available Forms:

Psyllium is available in dry seed or husk form as well as pysllium powder form. All these forms need to be accompanied with lots of water.

Psyllium husks and powder are renowned for their efficiency in treating medical conditions. It is used both as a natural home remedy and also available in capsules that are available in hospitals upon doctor’s recommendation. Apart from its medicinal value psyllium is also widely used in the industrial and manufacturing sectors.

Ajit Patel
To know more about Psyllium husks and powder please visit:

This Article has been written & posted by Ajit Patel.

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Important Uses of Psyllium Husk & Powder in Food & Pet Food

Psyllium Husk Powder Should Always be Part of a Healthy Eating Plan

Psyllium Husk - 1The psyllium or ispaghula husk comes from a herb which is known as Plantago ovata and is most commonly found in India where growing conditions are their most ideal. There are different species of psyllium husk, but it is the seed husks from Plantago ovata which have the highest fiber content. Isabgol is a natural plant laxative which is produced from psyllium, producing bulk in the bowels and allowing for easy elimination.

A Unique Functional Food to Ward of a Host of Ailments

The herb has so many extraordinary health benefits, and it is important to take in organic husks whenever possible. The husks can either be used whole in their natural state or they can be powdered as this makes for easier consumption. Make sure to buy psyllium husks with no harmful additives like sodium, cholesterol, sugar or fat as this will ensure you enjoy maximum health benefits.

Because psyllium husk is a source of soluble dietary fiber, it is excellent for relieving irritable bowel syndrome and constipation and is capable of protecting the colon and removing toxins. Recent research shows that it has numerous other health benefits like lowering cholesterol, treating obesity and diabetes and promoting general good health.

The Harvesting Process

The seed itself is tasteless, and after they are harvested the husk is removed by a grinding process after which purification takes place. They are cleaned and polished after which they go through grinding mills for the husk to be removed. Pure husk is achieved by processing and removing impurities with blowers, and always under extreme hygienic conditions. Psyllium husk powder is then produced by milling the processed husk to a required particle size. The beauty of this powder is that it disperses more easily in liquid than the husks, making it easier to drink.

Medicinal Applications of Psyllium Husk & Powder in Food

Psyllium husk as well as the seed can be consumed directly while the powder is often used as an ingredient in different medicinal applications. Some foods with at least 1.7 grams of psyllium in them even have a label stating that when consumed as part of a low-fat diet, psyllium husks can reduce the risk of heart disease. It is strange but true that psyllium is not only useful during diarrhea because of its binding qualities, it also has the ability to relieve chronic constipation.

As with humans, fiber is important in the nutrition of horses, dogs and cats. After surgery a cat or dog battles to eat normally, leading to constipation. Constipation is also listed as one of the side effects of medications after surgery. Adding fiber can certainly help to relieve constipation.

Know more applications of psyllium husk & powder please

Cats groom themselves, ingesting hair which then accumulates in the stomach and small intestine. These hair balls are then vomited up. To eliminate hair balls easily, psyllium husk fiber powder is added to the cat’s food and elimination of the hair balls is smooth and easy.

Other reasons why psyllium husk powder is so beneficial in pet food:

■it controls weight

■forms a gel with water in the colon and this in turn lubricates the stool, making it easier to pass

■for diarrhea in a pet, psyllium power absorbs excess water in the colon and makes the stool firmer

■the powder helps to satisfy the appetite of dogs and cats

Detoxifies the Body on an Ongoing Basis

Our health is affected by the foods we eat and healthy living can come naturally. Constipation is a constitutional problem and can be easily treated by using psyllium seed husks. It has so many health benefits and is excellent for flatulence as well as infrequent hard and painful stools in both pets and humans.

It can be a relief knowing that these problems, caused by our modern foods which are devoid of fiber, can be remedied by simply increasing the amount of fiber in the diet accompanied by plenty of water. You don’t have to resort to harmful medications when nature has provided us with a simple, natural and easy alternative.

Ajit PatelThis Article has been written & posted by .

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